NMR Methods to Study the Dynamics of SH2 Domain–Phosphopeptide Complexes

Methods in Molecular Biology


Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is the method of choice for studying the dynamics of biological macromolecules in solution. By exploiting the intricate interplay between the effects of protein motion (both overall rotational diffusion and internal mobility) and nuclear spin relaxation, NMR allows molecular motion to be probed at atomic resolution over a wide range of timescales, including picosecond (bond vibrations and methyl-group rotations), nanosecond (loop motions and rotational diffusion), and microsecond–millisecond (ligand binding, allostery). In this chapter, we describe different NMR pulse schemes (R1, R1ρ, heteronuclear NOE, and CPMG relaxation dispersion) to characterize the dynamics of SH2 domains. As an example, we use the N-SH2 domain of protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP2 in complex with two phosphopeptides derived from immune checkpoint receptor PD-1 (ITIM and ITSM).